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We asked Dr. Krishan Chugh, from Fortis Healthcare, something that all parents find themselves in dilemma about.
We asked Dr. Krishan Chugh, from Fortis Healthcare, something that all parents find themselves in dilemma about. At what ages should vaccines be given? Here's what he had to say:
Age for vaccination is decided by what age the disease would occur, for which each vaccine is meant and if the body be able to react to it appropriately and produce an immune response. For example, BCG vaccine, hepatitis B, and oral polio vaccine are given at birth itself because they are effective at this age and are needed at this age. Then, DPT for example, is given after this. it is meant for dyphtheria, whooping cough, and tetanus. Whooping cough can occur at a younger age also, that is, less than 6 weeks of age where we may want to start this, but the vaccine won't be effective if we give it too early. So, it is given at 6 weeks and then 3 doses at 4-8 weeks interval. Then hepatitis B should be completed by 6 months age...3 doses. Similarly at 9 months we give MMR. Chicken pox vaccine can be given at 15 months and MMR can be repeated at that age. Typhoid vaccine is generally given at 2 years age, although now a vaccine is available that can be given to even younger children. Repeat doses of these vaccines will be required at 5 years, 10 years, and so on. Pneumococcal is a vaccine that is required at an early age, but it isn't effective unless the child is atleast 6-8 weeks old. So it is started at 6 weeks and not any earlier. Again, 3 doses are required which should be completed by 6 months. So, this is how the schedules are recommended and in each region of the world, the schedule may vary a little bit here and there, although generally it is more or less the same across the world.
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