Dr Prashanth Patil, A Leading Orthopaedist, Shares The Reasons That Are Putting You At Risk Of Arthritis
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Arthritis is a painful condition and there is no denying that. Chronic joint pain can be unbearable to live with, then be it osteoarthritis or rheumatoid.
On world arthritis day, we reached out to Dr. Prashanth Patil from Apollo Spectra hospitals, and he shared his wisdom on everything you need to know about the arthritis today.
Arthritis is a sensitive or chronic irritation of a joint, often accompanied by pain and structural changes in the bones. This condition has diverse causes, such as infection, crystal deposition, or injury that directly affects the joints. Hence, in simple terms, arthritis can be said to be any disorder that affects the joints in the body. Usually, we connect arthritis to old age, but this is a serious delusion, because the condition can affect people of any age.
Arthritis affects over 15 per cent of the people in the country, and has a higher prevalence than many other well-known diseases. It presents itself in various modes, and is more common in young adults than one would think. The causes and symptoms of arthritis that are specifically related to children and young adults in India are:
- Sports injuries – The trauma of sports inquiries can cause osteoarthritis in adults of any age. Common injuries that may lead to osteoarthritis include a torn cartilage, dislocated joints, and ligament injuries.
- Electronic gadgets – One’s postures while using electronic devices can cause joint disorders of the spine and the hip. These forms of arthritis are becoming more common these days. The amount of time the younger generation spends on mobile phones, computers, and other gaming devices make them prone to developing osteoarthritis of the wrists and fingers.
- Autoimmune disorders – Autoimmune disorders are one of the most common forms of arthritis in children and young adults. Our immune system helps to fight off harmful bacteria and viruses, but in the case of autoimmune disorders, the immune system tends to attack some of the healthy cells and tissues that can cause infections and inflammation of the joints.
- Obesity – Although arthritis affects people of all ages and genders, but the risk increases if one is overweight. Excess body weight places additional stress on the joints, especially on the knees, the hips, and the back. It can also cause cartilage damage, which is the hallmark of osteoarthritis.
- Smoking – Rheumatoid arthritis occurs due to severe cigarette smoking, particularly if you have a genetic predisposition for developing the disease. Smoking is also associated with greater disease severity.
- Heredity – One is more likely to suffer from arthritis symptoms if their parents, grandparents, or siblings have arthritis. Arthritis tends to run in the family, especially if one has genetic joint defects.
The most common symptoms of osteoarthritis are pain, swelling, morning stiffness, and difficulty in doing daily activities. It increases with age, and it is recommended that you visit a specialist doctor as early as possible. Depending upon the stage of arthritis, the doctor will advise treatment, which could be medicines, exercises, or minimally invasive knee surgery.
There are 100 different types of arthritis that can affect one joint or multiple joints, and which have different causes and treatment methods. The symptoms of arthritis develop over time, or may appear suddenly. Studies indicate that arthritis is more common in women than in men, and in people who are overweight. It is very important to take care of one’s physical health in order to avoid such complications.