UTI In Men: Symptoms, Diagnosis, And Prevention
Dear Men, We are sorry to inform you that you are at risk for urinary tract infections too. But we always knew that, even though it’s possible that you found out just now.Remember how men and women were all created equal in the eyes of God? Well, turns out that when it comes to urinary tract infections (UTIs), women get most of the quota. About 20 per cent of all women go through the whole UTI experience at least once in their lives, whereas men rarely do. Only 1 in 5 cases of UTI turn out to be in men, extremely uncommon in young men; more common in men over 50.
So while there is enough and more information about the condition in women, it’s just as important to know about UTI causes, symptoms, treatment, and prevention strategies in men.
What causes UTI In men?
UTI in men are more common with older age. The most common reason being that with age, men are likely to get enlargement of prostate gland known as the benign prostatic hyperplasia. Prostate gland is a gland that wraps around the bladder neck, just where the urethra connects to the urinary bladder. When prostate gland enlarges, it can press against the bladder neck, making it difficult to pass urine freely. When the urinary bladder doesn’t empty completely, there is growth of bacteria in the urine that stays back in the bladder causing UTI in men.
Other causes include:
- epididymitis (enlarged epididymis, the tube that stores sperm).
- kidney stones.
- blood catheter insertion.
- any other condition that affects the immune system.
- unprotected sex with someone who already has UTI.
There are certain risk factors that can increase the chances of UTI in men. These include:
- recent urinary tract surgery.
- being immobile for long periods.
- not having enough fluids.
- faecal incontinence.
What are the symptoms of UTI in men?
- Constant urge to urinate, but being able to only release small amounts of urine at a time.
- Cloudy or foul-smelling urine.
- Abdominal or lower back pain.
- Burning pain during urination.
- And this one specific, exclusive symptom that is only seen with men – a discharge seeping from the penis.
How is UTI in men diagnosed and treated?
To diagnose Urinary Tract Infection, your doctor will take down a detailed history of your symptoms and ask you to provide a urine sample. This sample is checked for pus and bacteria. Your doctor will then prescribe antibiotics and other pain relief medications if needed. If your doctor suspects that your prostate gland is enlarged, you may have to undergo digital rectal examination to feel the enlarged gland through the wall of your rectum.
What are ways to prevent UTI in men?
Thankfully, there are always things you can do to reduce your risk, and be far, far away from UTI:
- Uncircumcised men should clean beneath their foreskin, during showers. (Daily showers. If you take a shower once a week, and clean it only then, you cannot blame us for it.)
- Keep full on the fluid chart. Drink plenty of water and other healthy fluids, and avoid dehydrating drinks like tea, coffee, cola et cetera.
- Don’t test your bladder; just go to the loo already. Make frequent trips to the washroom, and try and not hold your pee.
- Clean your genitalia before and after sex. Sometimes, bacteria can be transferred to the male partner if his partner is suffering from a UTI.
- Always wear a condom even if you’re using other means of protection, because its role doesn’t end at just preventing pregnancy. One of the many reasons why one must wear condoms is to be safe from STDs, UTIs, and other infections.